The rise of online poker has created a gap between old-school players who have built their careers playing live poker at casinos Toto 메이저사이트and new-school players who have learned to play games on the internet.The new online players were thought to be “math” players who rigorously judged probability and odds, compared to the old school’s emphasis on “playing the player.” They tend to be young, and Norwegian Annette Obrestha started playing online at 15 with the screen name “Annette_15.” But they were also experienced.
Game theory studies situations in which the choices of others determine the best choice (or “strategy”) among choices. However, this interdependent choice is common in real-life games (hence the term “game theory”). For example, a soccer penalty shooter may choose whether to shoot straight to the left, right, or center of the goal, depending on the direction the goalkeeper jumps in. The same is often the case in economic situations. For example, when a company decides on a product price, it may want to be slightly less than its rival’s price.
In game theory, we analyze such a situation in the Nash equilibrium concept after Nobel Prize winner John Nash (Do you remember the movie “Beautiful Mind” starring Russell Crowe as Nash)? The Nash equilibrium is a stable situation in which all participants make the best choice in the presence of a rival’s choice. For example, in the merger model of Toto 메이저사이트used by competition regulators, Nash equilibrium means that every company selects a price that maximizes its profit, assuming the price chosen by another company. Today, game theory and Nash equilibrium are the cornerstones of economists’ thinking about interdependent choices, thus supporting much of modern microeconomics.
Poker seems to fit naturally into the game theory, as the choice of when and how much you bet depends not only on your hand but also on how you use your opponent’s hand and that hand. Nash’s predecessor, von Neumann, attempted to apply the game theory to poker in 1944.
But for the next 60 years, game theory has been ignored by poker players. They knew the odds and probabilities to some degree but relied on empirical rules based on practical experience. The strong players were characterized by a good “sense” of poker and familiarity with table talk, body language, psychology and other intangible elements. James Bond said in the 2006 film “007: Casino Royale.” “In poker, you don’t use your hand, you play against the other side.” Workroom
In 2003, accountant Chris Moneymaker won the World Series of Poker (WSOP) Main Event in Las Vegas, winning a prize of $2.5 million. The Moneymaker victory has helped stir the public’s imagination and put poker on the market as a spectator sport (he was qualified for the $39 stake in an online poker tournament, not the usual $10,000 participation fee).
The Whole Card Camera is a small camera located under a poker table, allowing players to see the cards face down. In 2007, poker became the third most common sport in the United States. The number of WSOP participants increased from 839 in 2003 to 8,773 in 2006, almost the same as today (8,569 in 2019).
Internet poker, which started in the late 1990s, has experienced a similar boom. Leading online sports betting brands have diversified into poker, with the most popular sites attracting tens of thousands and hundreds of thousands of visitors at their peak. The rapid popularity of poker (and the prize money that can be won) has attracted new players. If they have the ability, many have been able to become “professional” and make a living in poker.